Category: Historical Reference

European Armies of the French Revolution, 1789–1802 by Frederick C. Schneid

By Frederick C. Schneid

Upon France’s defeat of the vaunted Prussian military on the conflict of Valmy in 1792, German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe remarked, “From this position and from this present day forth commences a brand new period within the world’s history.” The pronouncement proved prescient, for this primary significant victory emboldened France’s innovative executive to finish the monarchy and identify the 1st French Republic—with dramatic results for the wars that quickly roiled the continent.

In 9 essays by means of top students, European Armies of the French Revolution, 1789–1802 offers an authoritative, continent-wide research of the association and structure of those armies, the demanding situations they confronted, and the effect they'd at the French innovative Wars and on eu army practices. the quantity opens with editor Frederick C. Schneid’s mammoth advent, which reports the ideas and guidelines of every engaging nation during the wars, constructing a transparent context for the essays that follow.

Drawing at the newest examine and proposal, each one contributor specializes in the military of a specific strength: France, Prussia, Austria, Russia, Britain, Spain, the German principalities, the Italian states, and the Ottoman Empire. Their essays study the process, strategies, operations, and methods that every military followed and built within the progressive Wars. The authors discover the conflicts’ wider effect on those regulations and practices, besides major battles and actions.

exact in its technique and succeed in, this quantity bargains an intensive and heavily saw view of the composition, scope, and goal of the ecu armies on the flip of the 19th century. It complements and extends our insights into how the army powers of the post–French progressive era—and hence, the period itself—took shape.

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Our Sister Republics: The United States in an Age of by Caitlin Fitz

By Caitlin Fitz

A significant new interpretation recasts U.S. historical past among revolution and civil conflict, exposing a dramatic reversal in sympathy towards Latin American revolutions.

In the early 19th century, the USA became its idealistic gaze southward, imagining a legacy of revolution and republicanism it was hoping may dominate the yankee hemisphere. From pulsing port towns to Midwestern farms and southern plantations, a young person kingdom hailed Latin America’s independence routine as wonderful tropical reprises of 1776. while Latin american citizens have been progressively finishing slavery, U.S. observers remained energized by means of the assumption that their founding beliefs have been winning over ecu tyranny between their “sister republics.” yet as slavery turned a violently divisive factor at domestic, goodwill towards antislavery revolutionaries waned. through the nation’s 50th anniversary, republican efforts in another country had turn into a scaffold upon which many within the usa erected an ideology of white U.S. exceptionalism that may hang-out the geopolitical panorama for generations. Marshaling groundbreaking learn in 4 languages, Caitlin Fitz defines this highly major, formerly unacknowledged turning element in U.S. history.

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World War II at Sea [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia by Spencer C. Tucker

By Spencer C. Tucker

Scholarly remedy of worldwide struggle II is consistently altering as new fabrics tell new interpretations. while, present army operations bring about reevaluation of the strategies and applied sciences of the earlier. Marshalling the most recent info and insights into this epic clash, World struggle II at Sea: An Encyclopedia will allow scholars and different readers to discover particular naval engagements, whereas additionally charting the transformation of naval historical past via concepts in ordnance.

In treating the naval features of global conflict II, this two-volume prepared reference complements the knowledge of part of the struggle that's usually overshadowed through the battling on land and within the air. The encyclopedia specializes in the occasions, members, agencies, and concepts that formed the world's navies in the course of international battle II, in addition to the ensuing battles that modified naval historical past. It additionally covers the varied thoughts that happened through the clash and exhibits how ideas advanced and have been executed.

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Rwanda face à l'apocalypse de 1994: Contribution aux progrès by Jean Kambanda

By Jean Kambanda

Les éditions EME « resources d’Homme » en Belgique ont settle foré de donner une voix à un témoin clé du drame de 1994, un témoin oublié dans sa criminal au Mali après avoir été condamné à los angeles perpétuité comme « planificateur » et orchestrateur du génocide, alors qu’issu de l’opposition démocratique, il s’apprêtait le 7 avril 1994 au matin à s’envoler pour le Sénégal et à y participer à un séminaire sur le crédit rural au départ de son expérience de responsable des Banques Populaires au Rwanda. Donner une voix à Jean Kambanda aujourd’hui revêt d’autant plus de signification que celui-ci enfermé dans une procédure douteuse de « plaidoyer de culpabilité » n’a pu bénéficier d’aucun procès équitable avec le concours d’une défense indépendante et de confiance, lui permettant ainsi de faire valoir sa vérité sur les événements et de répondre de façon concrète à des faits précis. On a supporté à l’éparpillement des procédures kinfolk aux différents membres du gouvernement à l. a. mise en isolement absolu du most effective ministre hors du siège du tribunal d’Arusha, durant plus de huit mois, en 1997 et 1998, au recours in extremis à un avocat imposé par le Procureur adjoint de l’époque et à l’obtention abusive d’un aveu sur des crimes que Jean Kambanda n’a pas commis ou n’était pas en mesure de commettre. Cela a finalement permis d’escamoter l. a. tenue d’un grand procès public de l’exécutif intérimaire rwandais, un procès équilibré reposant sur des investigations systématiques tant à cost qu’à décharge.

Les éditions EME « Sources d’Homme » souhaitent par cette e-book éclairer un element trop méconnu de l’apocalypse de 1994, grâce à un témoin privilégié qui reconnaît pleinement le génocide et l. a. nécessité pour chacun d’assumer ses responsabilités personnelles au cours des événements.

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Italian Americans: The History and Culture of a People by Eric Martone

By Eric Martone

The whole Italian American experience—from America's earliest days throughout the present—is now on hand in one volume.

• countless numbers of annotated entries supply short histories of the folks, areas, and occasions linked to Italian American history

• A-to-Z association inside of 5 thematic sections enables ease of use

• an in depth choice of fundamental records illustrates the Italian American adventure over the process American background and is helping meet universal center standards

• Sidebars and an array of illustrations deliver the cloth to brilliant life

• each one access comprises cross-references to different entries in addition to a listing of prompt extra readings

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Calling Out Liberty: The Stono Slave Rebellion and the by Jack Shuler

By Jack Shuler

On Sunday, September nine, 1739, twenty Kongolese slaves armed themselves via breaking right into a storehouse close to the Stono River south of Charleston, South Carolina. They killed twenty-three white colonists, joined forces with different slaves, and marched towards Spanish Florida. There they anticipated to discover freedom. One document claims the rebels have been overheard shouting, "Liberty!" sooner than the day ended, even if, the uprising used to be overwhelmed, and afterwards many surviving rebels have been carried out. South Carolina speedily answered with a complete slave code. The Negro Act bolstered white energy via legislation intended to manage the facility of slaves to speak and congregate. It was once an incredible version for plenty of slaveholding colonies and states, and its tenets vastly inhibited African American entry to the general public sphere for years to come.

The Stono uprising serves as a touchstone for Calling Out Liberty, an exploration of human rights in early the United States. increasing upon ancient analyses of this uprising, Jack Shuler indicates a dating among the Stono rebels and human rights discourse in early American literature. although human rights students and coverage makers frequently provide the eu Enlightenment because the resource of up to date principles approximately human rights, this publication repositions the resources of those vital and sometimes challenged American ideals.

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Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Oral History als by Sascha Papke

By Sascha Papke

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Allgemeines, notice: 1,0, FernUniversität Hagen (Historisches Institut, LG Neuere Deutsche und Europäische Geschichte), Veranstaltung: Modul 11A - Erfahrungsgeschichte und Erinnerungskultur, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Vorliegende Arbeit widmet sich grundlegenden theoretischen und methodisch-praktischen Aspekten der Oral historical past und zeigt Möglichkeiten und Grenzen dieses geschichtswissenschaftlichen Ansatzes auf. Kapitel 2 bemüht sich zunächst um eine Begriffsklärung, skizziert Ursprung und Entwicklung der Methode und zeigt, wie ein Erinnerungsinterview, dessen Erhebung und Auswertung, funktioniert. Kapitel three behandelt den spezifischen Quellenwert mündlicher Erzählungen und geht einerseits auf bevorzugte Anwendungsbereiche der Oral historical past ein, additionally jene Forschungsgebiete und Fragestellungen, bei denen die Methode ihre Stärken ausspielt, andererseits auf kritische Einwände sowie theoretische und methodologische Probleme. Kapitel four stellt als Schlussbemerkung die Bedeutung der Oral heritage für eine aktuelle zeitgeschichtliche Fragestellung heraus.

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Boxing in America by David L., Jr. Hudson

By David L., Jr. Hudson

Boxing has lengthy been a favored fixture of yank activity and tradition, regardless of its decidedly seedy facet (the incontrovertible fact that various boxing champions got their talents in criminal or reform colleges, the corruption and greed of sure boxing promoters, and the involvement of the mob in solving the end result of many huge fights). but boxing is still an iconic and extensively well known spectator game, even in gentle of its decline as a result of fresh burgeoning curiosity in combined martial arts (MMA) contests. What had made this game so captivating to our state for this kind of lengthy interval of time?||This ebook includes even more than basic documentation of the numerous dates, humans, and bouts within the heritage of yank boxing. It finds why boxing turned one among America's top spectator activities on the flip of the century and examines the standards that experience swayed the public's conception of it, thereby affecting its recognition. In Boxing in the United States, the writer offers a compelling view of not just the pugilist game, but in addition of our nation, our resources of leisure, and ourselves.

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Dankelshausen - Wellersen zwischen Göttingen und Hann. by Joachim von Stockhausen

By Joachim von Stockhausen

Fachbuch aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Sonstiges, , Sprache: Deutsch, summary:
Seit den ersten Siedlungsansätzen im 8./9. Jahrhundert bildeten die Nutzungsrechte am Bramwald für die Bewohner der sieben Bramwald-Dörfer Dankelshausen, Scheden (ehemals Ober- und Niederscheden) Bühren, Varlosen, Ellershausen und Mielenhausen die sie verbindende und zugleich prägende Lebensgrundlage. Verantwortlich für die etwas gesonderte Entwicklung von Dankelshausen waren seine adligen Grundherren als gleichzeitige Gerichtsherren und Kirchenpatrone. Ihr Wirken hatte u. a. zur Folge, dass Dankelshausen als kleinste Gemeinde nicht nur das Parochiezentrum für Ober- und Niederscheden sowie Mielenhausen, sondern auch während des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts das Zentrum der Synagogengemeinde Dankelshausen, Oberscheden, Mielenhausen bildete.
Einen einschneidenden Wandel erfuhren Dankelshausens Entwicklung und seine Beziehung zu der Familie von Stockhausen im 19. Jahrhundert. Auslöser waren die Anerkennung von Dankelshausen als politische Gemeinde, die Auf- und Ablösung der grundherrschaftlichen Gerichtsbarkeit sowie der grundherrlichen Abgaben und Dienste, die Ablösung der Nutzungsrechte am Bramwald sowie die Gemeinheitsteilung und Verkoppelung.
Die Machtübernahme der Nationalsozialisten im Jahre 1933 hatte für die Dankelshäuser nach dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs äußerst schwierig zu bewältigende Belastungen zur Folge - die Bewältigung des allseitigen Mangels sowie die Unterbringung der zahlreichen Flüchtlinge und ihre Eingliederung in die Dorfgemeinde.
Im Rahmen der Bemühungen der niedersächsischen Landesregierung, die Effizienz der kommunalen Verwaltungen zu erhöhen, verlor am 1. Januar 1973 die damalige 300-Seelen-Gemeinde Dankelshausen durch ihre Eingliederung in die Einheitsgemeinde Scheden und über sie in die Samtgemeinde Dransfeld ihre vor zweihundert Jahren erworbene kommunale Selbständigkeit.

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