Category: Social Aspects Of The Internet

Technically Wrong: Sexist Apps, Biased Algorithms, and Other by Sara Wachter-Boettcher

By Sara Wachter-Boettcher

A revealing examine how tech bias and blind spots get baked into electronic products—and damage us all.

Buying groceries, monitoring our future health, discovering a date: no matter what we wish to do, odds are that we will be able to now do it on-line. yet few people ask why these kind of electronic items are designed the best way they're. It’s time we alter that. a number of the prone we depend on are choked with oversights, biases, and downright moral nightmares: Chatbots that harass girls. Signup types that fail a person who’s now not directly. Social media websites that ship peppy messages approximately useless family. Algorithms that placed extra black humans in the back of bars.

Sara Wachter-Boettcher takes an unflinching examine the values, strategies, and assumptions that result in those and different difficulties. Technically Wrong demystifies the tech undefined, leaving these people at the different part of the display greater ready to make trained offerings in regards to the prone we use—and call for extra from the firms at the back of them.

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Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling: 10th by Dongwon Lee,Yu-Ru Lin,Nathaniel Osgood,Robert Thomson

By Dongwon Lee,Yu-Ru Lin,Nathaniel Osgood,Robert Thomson

This e-book constitutes the refereed court cases of the tenth overseas convention on Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling & Prediction and behaviour illustration in Modeling and Simulation, SBP-BRiMS 2017, held in Washington, DC, united states, in July 2017.

The sixteen complete papers and 27 brief papers awarded have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from seventy nine submissions. due to its powerful multi-disciplinary background, the papers characterize a wide variety of disciplines together with laptop technology, psychology, sociology, verbal exchange technological know-how, public healthiness, bioinformatics, political technological know-how, and organizational technology and use a number of varieties of computational equipment equivalent to desktop studying, language expertise, social community research and visualization, agent-based simulation, and facts. they're prepared within the following topical sections: behavioral and social sciences; cyber and intelligence purposes; info, platforms, and community sciences; and methodology.

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The Future of Work in Information Society: by Andrzej Piotr Wierzbicki

By Andrzej Piotr Wierzbicki

This publication investigates the question
as as to whether technological advancements will finally suggest the top of work
and, if that is so, what the results may be. the writer addresses this question
from the viewpoint of a technologist good versed in econometrics and game
theory, and argues that it isn't know-how on my own that may result in the end
of paintings, yet its usage via the capitalist procedure. expertise permits us to
minimize the prices of labor and bring up earnings, whereas the approach is worsening
unemployment, socio-economic inequality and stratification – that can lead to
the finish of capitalism in a major international revolution.

As
such, the publication proposes an evolutionary reform in accordance with a probably minor but
in truth crucial correction of the company source of revenue tax, which he proposes
should reduce based on the proportion of the enterprise’s revenues
expended to pay worker salaries. during this approach, marketers can be motivated
to enforce new professions and occupations, in addition to new places of work. Only
in this fashion, the e-book argues, can reforms be used to avoid the tip of work,
which could have catastrophic consequences.

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From Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart Brand, the by Fred Turner

By Fred Turner

In the early Sixties, desktops haunted the yankee renowned mind's eye. Bleak instruments of the chilly struggle, they embodied the inflexible association and mechanical conformity that made the military-industrial complicated attainable. yet by way of the 1990s—and the sunrise of the Internet—computers began to symbolize a truly diversified type of international: a collaborative and electronic utopia modeled at the communal beliefs of the hippies who so vehemently rebelled opposed to the chilly conflict institution within the first place. 

From Counterculture to Cyberculture is the 1st publication to discover this impressive and ironic transformation. Fred Turner the following lines the formerly untold tale of a hugely influential staff of San Francisco Bay–area marketers: Stewart model and the Whole Earth community. among 1968 and 1998, through such general venues because the nationwide ebook Award–winning Whole Earth Catalog, the pc conferencing process referred to as good, and, eventually, the release of the wildly winning Wired journal, model and his colleagues brokered a long-running collaboration among San Francisco flower energy and the rising technological hub of Silicon Valley. due to their imaginative and prescient, counterculturalists and technologists alike joined jointly to reimagine desktops as instruments for private liberation, the development of digital and decidedly replacement groups, and the exploration of daring new social frontiers. 

Shedding new mild on how our networked tradition got here to be, this interesting publication reminds us that the space among the thankful useless and Google, among Ken Kesey and the pc itself, isn't really as nice as we would think.

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Blogwars: The New Political Battleground by David D. Perlmutter

By David D. Perlmutter

Political blogs have grown astronomically within the final half-decade. in precisely one month in 2005, for instance, well known web publication DailyKos bought extra specific viewers than the inhabitants of Iowa and New Hampshire mixed. yet how a lot political effect do bloggers rather have?
In Blogwars, David D. Perlmutter examines this speedily burgeoning phenomenon, exploring the measure to which blogs influence--or fail to influence--American political lifestyles. tough the hype, Perlmutter issues out that blogs aren't that robust through conventional political measures: whereas bloggers can supply cogent and convincing arguments and convey earlier than their readers details now not available in different places, they've got no monetary, ethical, social, or cultural leverage to compel readers to interact in any specific political habit. certainly, blogs have scored combined ends up in their previous political crusades. yet finally, Perlmutter argues that blogs, of their broad dissemination of knowledge and evaluations, really serve to enhance democracy and enhance political tradition. He highlights some of the relatively noteworthy blogs from the distinctiveness to the superblog-including renowned websites resembling day-by-day Kos, The Huffington publish, Powerlineblog, Instapundit, and speaking issues Memo--and exhibits how blogs have gotten a part of the instrument equipment of political pros, from presidential applicants to ads experts. whereas the political destiny could be doubtful, it's going to no longer be unblogged.
For many net clients, blogs are the scoop and editorial websites of list, exchanging conventional newspapers, magazines, and tv information courses. Blogwars deals the 1st complete exam of this new and arguable strength on America's political landscape.

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Time Warps, String Edits, and Macromolecules: The Theory and by David Sankoff,Joseph Kruskal

By David Sankoff,Joseph Kruskal

Time Warps, String Edits and Macromolecules is a tender vintage in computational technology. The computational point of view is that of series processing, specifically the matter of spotting similar sequences. The booklet is the 1st, and nonetheless top compilation of papers explaining easy methods to degree distance among sequences, and the way to compute that degree successfully. this can be known as string distance, Levenshtein distance, or edit distance. The booklet includes lucid motives of the elemental strategies; well-annotated examples of purposes; mathematical research of its computational (algorithmic) complexity; and vast dialogue of the versions wanted for weighted measures, timed sequences (songs), functions to non-stop info, comparability of a number of sequences and extensions to tree-structures. This idea reveals functions in molecular biology, speech reputation, research of chook music and mistake correcting in laptop software.

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HCI in Business, Government, and Organizations: eCommerce by Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah,Chuan-Hoo Tan

By Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah,Chuan-Hoo Tan

This quantity constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the 3rd foreign convention on HCI in enterprise, govt and agencies, HCIBGO 2016, held as a part of the 18th foreign convention on Human-Computer interplay, HCII 2016, which happened in Toronto, Canada, in July 2016. HCII 2016 bought a complete of 4354 submissions, of which 1287 papers have been authorised for e-book after a cautious reviewing process.
The fifty three papers provided during this quantity are equipped in topical sections named: social media for enterprise; digital, cellular and ubiquitous trade; company analytics and visualization; branding, advertising and patron habit; and electronic innovation.

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Making Computers Accessible by Elizabeth R. Petrick

By Elizabeth R. Petrick

In 1974, now not lengthy after constructing the 1st common optical personality popularity expertise, Raymond Kurzweil struck up a talk with a blind guy on a flight. Kurzweil defined that he used to be looking for a use for his new software program. The blind guy expressed curiosity: one of many not easy stumbling blocks that blind humans grappled with, he stated, was once that no laptop software might translate textual content into speech. encouraged via this opportunity assembly, Kurzweil determined that he needs to positioned his new innovation to paintings to "overcome this important handicap of blindness." through 1976, he had outfitted a operating prototype, which he dubbed the Kurzweil studying Machine.

This form of innovation proven the chances of pcs to dramatically enhance the lives of individuals dwelling with disabilities. In Making pcs Accessible, Elizabeth R. Petrick tells the compelling tale of ways desktop engineers and companies progressively grew to become conscious of the necessity to make pcs obtainable for everyone. inspired by means of consumer suggestions and caused through laws corresponding to the american citizens with Disabilities Act, which provided the promise of equivalent rights through technological lodging, businesses constructed refined automated units and software program to bridge the accessibility hole.

People with disabilities, Petrick argues, are paradigmatic machine clients, demonstrating the non-public computer’s strength to enhance human skills and supply for brand spanking new kinds of social, specialist, and political participation. Bridging the heritage of expertise, technological know-how and know-how experiences, and incapacity stories, this e-book strains the mental, cultural, and financial evolution of a client tradition geared toward people with disabilities, who more and more depend on own desktops to make their lives richer and extra interconnected.

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Electronic Voting: First International Joint Conference, by Robert Krimmer,Melanie Volkamer,Jordi Barrat,Josh

By Robert Krimmer,Melanie Volkamer,Jordi Barrat,Josh Benaloh,Nicole Goodman,Peter Y. A. Ryan,Vanessa Teague

This booklet constitutes the completely refereed convention lawsuits of the 1st overseas Joint convention on digital balloting, E-Vote-ID 2016, held in Bregenz, Austria, in October 2016.

The 14 complete papers awarded have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from fifty seven submissions. They characterize a variety of technological proposals for various balloting settings (be it in polling stations, distant vote casting or perhaps cellular balloting) and case reviews from diverse international locations already utilizing digital balloting or having carried out first trial elections.

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Information Technology and the World of Work by Daphne Gottlieb Taras

By Daphne Gottlieb Taras

info applied sciences became either a way and an finish, reworking the office and the way paintings is played. This ongoing evolution within the paintings technique has obtained broad insurance yet fairly little recognition has been given to how altering applied sciences and paintings practices impact the employees themselves. This quantity specifi cally examines the institutional and social atmosphere of the places of work that info applied sciences have created.

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